Short-sightedness is also known as near-sightedness or myopia. It is the most common refractive problem of the eye, and has become more widespread in recent years.
Short-sightedness often begins in childhood and children can have a higher risk if their parents are near-sighted. In most cases, near-sightedness stabilises in early adulthood but sometimes it continues to progress with age.
Myopia causes problems by focusing light in front of the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that receives images and sends these to the brain. Due to myopia, this means that all objects that are far away appear blurred and unclear.
The most common signs and symptoms of myopia are:
- Difficulty in seeing things far away
- Continued need to squint or close eyelids to see clearly
- Headaches due to eye strain
- Difficulty seeing while driving a vehicle, especially at night
If you or your child have any of these symptoms and they interfere with your daily activities, you should see your GP or local optician. You will usually be referred for consultation with an ophthalmologist for a more in-depth eye examination.
The most common way to correct short-sightedness is through glasses and contact lenses. There are also various types of refractive surgery that might be a more suitable treatment option for you, depending on your needs. Other advanced treatments and techniques for treating short-sightedness area also being developed.
At Circle Health, we offer a range of the latest procedures for near-sightedness. We can arrange a private clinical appointment for you or your child to visit a leading consultant ophthalmologist who specialises in assessing and treating short-sightedness. He or she can determine the degree of myopia you have, and recommend ways to correct your vision.