Normal pressure hydrocephalus
What is normal pressure hydrocephalus?
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus is a disorder of the brain where excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) builds up in the brain’s ventricles (hollow fluid filled chambers). Typically issues experienced by the patient include cognitive impairment (thinking and reasoning problems), difficulty walking (typically patients will shuffle or fall) and loss of bladder control.
As brain ventricles enlarge they can disrupt and damage nearby brain tissue causing symptoms of NPH.
NPH is under diagnosed and undertreated in the UK comparatively to other countries such as Sweden and Japan.
Treatment of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) can be controlled with an implanted device called a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt that drains the excess fluid from the brain.
A shunt is a long thin tube and valve which is inserted into the brain to drain off excess fluid. The shunt drains to the abdominal cavity where the fluid is reabsorbed into the body.