What are haemorrhoids?
Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are soft fleshy lumps just inside the back passage (anus). They have a rich blood supply so bleed easily usually causing fresh bright red bleeding when you have a bowel movement. They do not usually cause pain but can cause itching around the anus. When large they can pass through the anus (prolapsed pile), feeling like a lump when you clean yourself.
Your surgeon may recommend a procedure to inject or band the haemorrhoids if they become troublesome.
What does treatment involve?
There are a range of procedures you may experience to treat haemorrhoids, but the most commonly performed removal procedure is banding.
For haemorrhoids banding, you will not need an anaesthetic as there are few nerves that sense pain at the top of the anal canal. Your surgeon will carefully examine your back passage and lower bowel using a flexible fibre-optic or rigid telescope.
Your surgeon will then pass a special device through the telescope and use it to place a silicon band onto the lining of your anal canal. It will be adjusted before final placing so that it causes you the least discomfort. The band will block the blood supply to the haemorrhoid, causing it to fall off after a few days to a week.
Alternatively, for small haemorrhoids, injection may be performed: small amount of a chemical called phenol, dissolved in peanut oil, will be injected into the lining of your back passage above the haemorrhoid. This should block the blood vessel that supplies the haemorrhoid, causing it to shrink.
When will I recover?
You should be able to go home straight away and you should be able to return to work the next day
What risks should I know about?
Haemorrhoid injection and banding is a commonly performed and very safe procedure, It is common to suffer from slight bleeding, discomfort and feeling faint which will usually settle very quickly