Crohn's disease treatment

What is Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that usually affects the small intestine or the large intestine. The body's immune system attacks the intestine causing inflammation and swelling, which can lead to abdominal pain, diarrhoea and vomiting.

What does this involve?

There are a number of lifestyle and dietary changes that can be made to treat the symptoms of Crohn's, however if the symptoms become severe, surgery is an option. The surgical procedure involves the removal of the affected section of the gut, and the re-joining of the healthy gut. The surgery can be performed laparoscopically to quicken recovery time. In some cases, the intestine is brought to the surface of the abdomen so digestive waste drains into a bag through an opening called a stoma.

When will I recover?

The average stay in hospital after surgery is five days, although recovery time depends heavily on the health of the patient and the severity of the bowel inflammation. It may take a month before the patient can return to work, and longer before resuming strenuous activity.